Motivations: Document of Life: Yes, this is the view of a town where the artist lived during 1889.
The town is nestled in a valley. The stars are out at night. The large tree
is swaying in the wind.
Maybe, if you read the sky as reflecting some divine force or celestial
spirit. Feelings and Emotions: Yes, if as viewer, you get a feeling of peace
and tranquility, if the view of the night sky is restful and soothing.
Virtual Reality/Dream: The stars are too large, the
moon is not as seen in nature, the tree looks as if it is coming to life, and
everything seems to be swaying/dancing in the wind. Scale is not as in
nature; some objects are too small and some are too large.
Esterno and Disegno Interno: What elements within the composition demonstrate
that Van Gogh’s image was based on what he saw “outside?” The village was
truly nestled in the valley. Lights are on in the houses at night. The moon
shines and stars twinkle in the dark blue night sky. The tree, which is
closer to us, seems large and is the characteristic shape of a cedar. Are
these elements true enough to the reality of these objects on planet Earth to
conclude that the artist actually painted this scene on this spot and
resolved to paint what he saw? Or, did Van Gogh create the image in his
imagination with disegno interno? The objects are distorted from their
natural shapes and colors. The sickle moon is not true to shape; the stars
are too large. The wind currents whipping across the sky swirl like cream
slowly stirred into coffee. If you believe that Van Gogh deliberately morphed
the true objects for the purpose of exaggerating their expressive potential,
then he used his creative imagination more than his eye in creating the
Interest: This painting has a very wide
audience. Everyone on the planet has observed the moon and stars. Everyone
has felt a night breeze. Everyone has experienced a restful state of being at
night. Regardless of the viewer’s age, gender, or nationality, everyone can
successfully “read” the painting. It successfully communicates to the
audience - the widest audience.