The Parthenon from Classical Greece, c. 447-432, constructed of marble, was erected in the service of religion. The advancements over Stonehenge are evident. While the structure is still post-lintel with verticals supporting horizontals above, the added embellishment implies an increase in craftsmanship, carving skills, and wealth. The temple stands on four steps: the columns have carved “doric” style capitals and the horizontal has alternating reliefs of grooved vertical lines and squares with figures. The building is capped by a triangle (under the slope of the roof), which also originally held sculptures. The statue of the goddess was housed inside. Prayer was conducted outside, so the outside received the extra decoration. 


Symmetry, balance, repetition of line and shape, variety in relief sculptures, and alternating high and low values are evident. Originally the building was painted with individual parts in warm and cool colors: red, blue, yellow, and flesh/peach (for the figures); however, the paint has washed off over the centuries.