asked what are the painterly aspects of a building and what are the
sculptural aspects of a building, refer to the elements of design. Painterly
aspects are symmetry, balance, repetition, variety, rhythm, color, and value.
Sculptural aspects are relief, in-the-round, installation, and texture. The
Ishtar Gate from Babylon (Baghdad), c. 575 BC, represents both sets of design
elements. Draw a line down the center of the gate and symmetry and balance
are evident: left and right are equally weighted and for everything on the
left, there is an identical unit on the right. There is a repetition of
color, shapes, stripes, dots, and decorative animals. Variety is evident in
the different types of animals. Colors are complimentary: orange and blue.