our discussion, we need to introduce three new terms: anatomy, proportion,
Anatomy: the skeletal and muscular
structures of the body. List the bones and muscles that the artist tried to
represent and ask whether the resulting figure is biologically correct. Did
the artist actually observe a body or did he abstract or stylize the natural
form which he observed?
Proportion: the size relationship of body
part to body part. Are the eyes the correct size in relation to the length of
the nose? What about the length of the arms and legs? Is the waist in the
Mass: the three-dimensional realities
of the hills and valleys. Noses should be represented as elevated off of the
surface of the face. Eyes should be recessed into eye sockets. The human body
is not as flat as a pancake, and therefore the naturalistic (or biologically
appropriate) image needs to depict every hill and valley in detail.