To begin our discussion of the human body, we will return to the Late Classical Greek Aphrodite of Melos , c. 150 BC. Anatomy: the artist represented the skull, eye sockets, nose, jawbone, collarbone, shoulder line, abdominals, and hip line. Are these bones and muscles depicted biologically correct? Yes, all seem accurate.


 Proportion: the head is the correct size for the neck and shoulders, the nose is of proper length, breasts proper in size, the length of torso is perhaps long from shoulder to hip, and the waist is properly placed. Biologically correct? Yes, we must take into consideration the proportional diversity among humans around the world; the proportions of this body lies within the realm of naturalism. Mass: hills and valleys are well done. The eyes are sunken into the sockets, the nose stands out, the breasts have heaviness and volume, and the belly button is sunken in. Therefore, is this body disegno esterno (copied from an actual model in the studio) or disegno interno (an ideal envisioned in the creative imagination of the artist)? It will depend on the viewer's perception. One viewer may believe that the statue's anatomy, proportion, and mass are accurate to observations of real people. Another may look at her face (more like a mannequin's) and the S-curve of her body and conclude that she is too good to be true. She may have been modeled on a real person the artist knew, but then modified and beautified to reflect his mental image of the Goddess of Love.