An example of the nude is the
Archaic Greek sculpture of The Kroisos from Anavysos, c. 525 BC. The
young man (supposed to be a teenager) is built with symmetry and balance.
Anatomy: skull, eye sockets, jaw line, chin, shoulder sockets, biceps,
triceps, pectorals, abdominals, groin line, thighs, knee caps, calves, ankle
correct? †Eyes, nose, and chin are not
soft, fleshy or rounded. The muscles, especially in the legs, look sharply
edged and geometric. Proportion: The head is too small in relation to the width
of shoulders, hips too wide (feminine), thighs large. Biologically correct? No.
Mass: Hills and valleys are present in the face, muscles of torso, and rounding
of legs. Biological? The eyes are not set into eye sockets, but sit on the
surface of the face; the lines from the edges of the lips down to the chin
are too geometric (like those of a wooden puppet). Overall, does Kroisos represent
an accurate reflection of a model in the studio (disegno esterno) or a
creatively imagined ideal (disegno interno)? This is clearly a
representation of the nude. It is a body idealized according to principles of
geometry and a steroid driven harmony and balance of parts. The result of
this transformation is that Kroisos has lost his humanity and fleshy
realism. What was the artistís motivation? He responded to his Geist.
The Greeks valued Olympic athletes and soldiers. Ideally proportioned bodies
with bulky muscles convey a cultural identity of muscular and masculine