The first examples are from antiquity, The Burial Mask of Tutankhamun, c. 1325 B.C., and the statue of Augustus, c. 20 B.C. What is our perception of their body proportions as perceived through costume? Tutís forehead is low, eyes large, nose straight, lips wide and fleshy, ears large and neck long. His shoulders seem wide under his elaborate and oversized collar. Costume and accessories? The scarf, tucked behind the ears (which makes the ears look larger), snake mounted on his headdress, artificial beard and elaborate jeweled collar, denote his status as King. The fact that the object is made of gold further defines his wealthy status. Therefore, the overall perception of the viewer is that King Tut was an ideal figure whose flesh glistened like gold, had perfectly geometric facial features, and beautifully wore the trappings of wealth.

What is our perception of the bodily proportions of Augusts, the first emperor of Rome? His forehead is low, eyes small, nose straight, lips pursed, ears large and neck thick. His shoulders seem wide under his elaborate and oversized chest plate. Costume and accessories? The body armor, broad pectorals, fabric slung across the hips, and leather pleated skirt denote his masculinity and muscularity befitting his status as Emperor. He appears broadly built and heavy, a symbol of power symptomatic of a football player. Therefore, the overall perception of the viewer is that Augusts was an ideal figure whose flesh was without blemishes, facial features were perfectly geometric, and body powerfully built. And donít forget his most important accessory Ė Cupid! His distant cousin reinforces the rulerís semi-divine status as well as, by scale, defines his greatness.

 INSERT IN THIS BOX IMAGE OF ďAUGUSTUSĒ. HE IS REPEATED OFTEN IN THE FIRST VERSION OF THE COURSE.