THIS IMAGE NEEDS  A LITTLE LIGHTENING

While Scholasticism was quite an intellectual leap for many artists, several tried during the Medieval era to incorporate several of these elements into their paintings. Cimabue’s Madonna Enthroned, c. 1280-90, reintroduces balance (equal weighting on both sides), symmetry (for every angel on the left there is one on the right), repetition of color (gold, red, and dark blue), shape and line (oval heads and semicircular clothing folds and steps), and some variety (the four older men at the bottom and positioning of Mother and Child). Anatomy, proportion, and mass are still abstracted as Cimabue still believed that since Mary and Christ are not of this world, but of a world beyond, that they need not be hindered by gravity, light and shadow, and other earthly aspects of design. The artist obviously is between a rock and a hard place for he tried to introduce beauty into his composition yet felt that the spiritual aspects of disegno interno outweighed any desire for a more scientific approach to nature.