19TH AND EARLY 20TH CENTURIES

Society changed drastically  (socially, economically, and culturally) at the end of the 18th and into the 19th centuries. The American and French Revolutions in 1776 and 1789, respectively, impacted political views and governmental structures. The Industrial Revolution mobilized the rural populations to urban centers to work in factories and fueled the growth of capitalism. And, the evolution of scientific inquiry displaced faith at the center of cultural life. As we survey the art of this era, it becomes evident that the content, or narratives, in art changed keeping pace with the Geist. Rather than focus on design elements and compositional analysis, the discussion below will address that shift toward a more “modern” narrative.