19TH AND EARLY 20TH CENTURIES
changed drastically (socially,
economically, and culturally) at the end of the 18th and into the 19th centuries.
The American and French Revolutions in 1776 and 1789, respectively, impacted
political views and governmental structures. The Industrial Revolution
mobilized the rural populations to urban centers to work in factories and
fueled the growth of capitalism. And, the evolution of scientific inquiry
displaced faith at the center of cultural life. As we survey the art of this
era, it becomes evident that the content, or narratives, in art changed
keeping pace with the Geist. Rather than focus on design elements and
compositional analysis, the discussion below will address that shift toward a
more “modern” narrative.