we will analyze Asian visualizations of landscape and the world. Habib Allah’s
The Concourse of the Birds, 1609, depicts birds, deer, and a hunter,
poised with a rifle, within a rocky garden. If compared to Levitan’s Above
Eternal Peace, 1894), the
differences in perceptions and representations of landscape are apparent.
While the European work has a low horizon and consistent scale adjustment
(things get smaller the further they are), the Persian painting displays a
tilted upward ground line, high horizon, lack of consistent scale, and
unnatural coloration which is more stylized and decorative than naturalistic.
Also note how some objects extend outside of the frame, again disrupting the
naturalistic perception into a three dimensional landscape. Simply put, the
Asian artist relies on disegno interno and the Western artist on disegno